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This region has 4 provinces: Ancona, Ascoli Piceno, Macerata, Pesaro and Urbino
Chief town - Ancona
Surface - kmq 9693
National Parks - National Park of Monti Sibillini (1990)
|Origin of the Name|
|Reliefs - Passes - Coasts - Islands|
|Agriculture - Stock-Farm - Fishing|
|Industry - Tourism|
|Position and Frontier|
|Rivers - Lakes|
Origin of the name:
Enen before the arrival of the Romans, Picenis lived in the Region, a population of italic origin in the hills and Galli Senoni confined along the coastal shore. With the conquests from the Romans this zone was named, preserving the name from the tenants, Picenum. It took around ten centuries because it could be called Marche. In the language ancient German ‘Mark ' means region of border. In fact Marche became zone of border with the Sacred Romano Impero. The feuds of that the emperors gave to the nobles called marchesati, from which they took the name Marca of Fano, Marca of Camerino, Marca of Ancona. Here is the reason for the why a single region, has today the name of a plural.
|Reliefs - Passes - Coasts - Islands:|
|Marche are crossed by Appennino Umbro-Marchigiano, where they are separated to Pitchfork Capine, from Appennino Tosco-Emiliano. In the northern territory the tallest tops don't overcome 2000 ms, but going down toward south we find the chain of the Sibillinis Mountains, with Vettore Mountain that is the tallest peak of the Region (2478 ms. ). The desolate landscape introduces itself with bare mountainous expanses of vegetation, which sprout the naked calcareous rocks, together with small zones of bushes, interrupted from some wood. The zone hilly forms a wide territorial band from 20 to 30 kms from the coast.||
In Appennino we find many passes that account for the Umbria passage. The most important is the Footstep of Scheggia, Mouth Serriola, Ditch of Vico and Colfiorito. The adriatic shore bathes the coast for around 170 kms; is introduced in a flat and rectilinear panorama with the sandy beaches. The only point where it isinterrupted, is that of the promontory of Conero Mountain (572 ms. ). In this point of the coast one is a fully grown small gulf, in which the port of Ancona has developed.
The territory is mountainous and essentially hilly for a third of the Region. The impression of these mountains is that they seem to from an enormous comb toward the adriatic coast, leaving in some depths parallel furrows. Going down from the tallest slant there is the hilly zone where small villages are built both from the Middle Ages and modern times and isolated farmer's houses, soldier's stations and sacred buildings. The hilly part goes down to the coast where can to notice a small level strip. In the Brands there are not any real lowlands, but a great piece of earth not, shed in the adriatic shore.
Agriculture - Stoc-farm -
Many of the inhabitants of Marche still work in agriculture and tenaciously continue to cultivate the poor and arid earth of the hills. Bowline and wheat, sugar beets, potatoes and fruit are mainly produced. In the hilly zones are found the plantations of grapevines that don't produce big quantities of wine, but in some types of grape they offer a good personal quality. The olives are another crop, even if not in elevated quantity, famous more than for the oil, they are for the quality of the table. Good are the productions of forage used for the breeding of pigs.
|Industry - Tourism:|
||All situated in the coast, the industrial fittings are not very developed; the principal ones are the shipyards in Ancona and San Benedict of Tronto, the oil refineries of Falconara Marittima and the chemical fittings in Ancona and Civitanova. Instead The small firms are scattered throughout the territory with boot fittings and shoe factories, textile, furniture and machineries. The production of footwear is remarkable in this Italian territory. Tied to the agricultural production, the alimentary industries find results with sugar-refineries, oil-mills, production of bagged pig meat. Characteristics are the ceramics of Urbino, Pesaro and Recanati. Also notable is the production of musical tools and the paper fittings of Fabriano.|
To fish in the Adriatic, the biggest boats gifted of apparatuses electronics and cells frigoriferes for the maintenance of the fish are used which go down in the Mediterranean and out to the Atlantic waters. In numerous coastal places tourism finds a large income, thanks to the European tourists as well. The cities are rich for historical wonders and the Saint House of Loreto as a destination of religious pilgrimages, is strong for tourist visits.
Position and Frontier:
The territory of Marche is situated between Appennino Umbro-Marchigiano and Adriatic Sea and is inclusive between the river Leaf to north and Tronto to south. The confinements are: to north with Republic of S. Marino and Emilia Romagna, to east with Adriatic Sea, to south the Abruzzi and Lazio, to west with Umbria and Tuscany.
Rivers and Lakes:
The rivers of the territory are torrential in the regine in the distance that divides Appennino from the coast. They are subject therefore to summer shoals and floods in winter. The principal rivers are: Potenza, Metauro, Chieti, Tronto, Foglia.
The promontory of Conero influences the climate of the coastal zones. In the northern part above Conero the perturbations and the twenty deriving colds from north, make very rigid winters. In it departs her southern instead mended by the mountain, climb the heats and dampness of the south, making the mild and rainy winter. The difference in the winter and the summer is felt in this Region a lot; in fact they are formost in the cold winters and in the particularly warm summers.
The population is well divided in the zone. Urban ammassamentis are not seen as in other cities but an equitable subdivision in small centers or shed houses in the hills of the shore. The only developed cities are Ancona and Pesaro with around 110 thousand inhabitants. A phenomenon that we find of frequent also in other regions it is the move of the inhabitants of the mountainous and hilly zones to the biggest centers. A lot of persons have abandoned the mountainous and hilly zones few fertile to find a most profitable job in the industries, in the hotel sectors or in the commercial firms.
All the streets of communication rise along the coast. The railway and road fittings allow the connection between Ancona with Bologna and Bari along the whole shore of the peninsula. Only a railway line passes for Appennino and colleague Ancona with Florence and Rome. A lot of the roads are traced from the old Roman streets as the Street Flaminia and the Street Salaria. Ancona makes way for the maritime movements that however are of scarce relief.
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