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Provinces - This region has 5 province: Frosinone, Latina, Rieti, Roma, Viterbo
Chief town - Roma
Surface - kmq 17203
National Parks - National Park of Abruzzo (1923)
national Park of Circeo (1934)

Russian Version
graphic lazio

lazio Origin of the Name
Reliefs - Passes - Coasts - Islands
Agriculture - Stock-Farm - Fishing
Industry - Tourism
Position and Frontier
Rivers - Lakes

Origin of the name:
Even before the birth of Rome, this territory was called Lazio, from the Latin Latium, lived by the people of  Latin and situated in the zone of the low Tevere. After the period of the republican epoch the confinements were widened and with the arrangement of August in the Roman epoch, the Region included both Lazio that Campania.

Reliefs - Passes - Coasts - Islands:
The territory is predominantly mountainous and hilly, while lowlands are found in proximity to the coastal shores. In the oriental part we find a modest section of Appennino, that inserts the zones of border with Umbria, Marche and Abruzzi.
In  this territory rise the lower part and isolated Sabini Mountains and the Reatinis Mountains in which rises the tallest mountain: Terminillo with his 2213 ms. Coasting along the border with the Abruzzi, finds the Simbruinis Mountains and the Ernicis Mountains characterized by their drought and scarce vegetation. Between the Ernicis and the mountains of the Preappennino, the valley of the Ciociaria is found, very fertile zone where they pass the rivers Liri and Sack. The northern zone of the Region, between the Tevere and the coast, it has occupied from a series of mountains that are: Tips Mountains, Volsinis Mountains and  Sabatinis Mountains. To south of Tevere there is the group of Colli Albani.

Arc of Costantino in Rome
Arc of Costantino in Rome

All these mountainous groups are very old, of volcanic origin and almost never overcome the 1000 ms. In the most active craters there are fully grown of the lakes. These zones are very fertile and well cultivated, particularly to vineyards. In the southern part there are Lepinis Mountains, Ausonis Mountains and Auruncis Mountains, whose crests have corroded, arid and ploughed by strong landslides, because treat him of ancient mountains. Along the whole coast the level part of the territory of Lazio is found. To north, in the amplest lowland, we find  Maremma laziale that then continuous with Tuscany; in the central zone there is the Roman Country where  Tevere passes; finally to south the sour Pontino, called still also Swamps Pontine for some swampy zones after the 1930 and 1940 reclamation. A long time ago these level zones were of the swamps that then in the time they were reclaim and that today they are cultivated and divided in farms. The coast is very regular, low and sandy. There are some prominences as Head Linaro, Delta of the Tevere, Head Circeo and Promontory of Anzio and Gaeta where the homonym is found the port. In front of the port of Gaeta, we find the archipelago Pontino constituted from six islets all of volcanic origin, even if of the volcanos few they remember sight the incisive action of the waves of the sea. The principal one is that of Ponza.

Looking at the whole territory, seems that this Region is composed by different landscapes: a zone northerner with irte and desolate mountains that remember those marchigianes, others rich in vegetation with green woods and expanses of ulivi that recall to the mind Umbria. From the northern zone a level zone is mixed with the Tuscan Maremma and in that southern where we find the end of the level zones. Quìs are lifted on the coast of the rocks that they precede those of Campania.

Agriculture - Stock-farm - Fishing:
Cereals are cultivated, above all wheat and oat in the level zones of Viterbo, Rome and Latin. The crops of vegetables and fruit trees are very developed. In the southern zone are cultivated the citrus fruit. In the hilly territories life trees and ulivi are cultivated. For the production of table wine and oil Lazio occupies one of the first places in Italy. The most prestigious zones for the production of wine are the Colli Abani, Formia, Montefiascone and Terracina. Sugar beets and tobacco are also produced in notable quantity. A lot of zones turned to pasture, have been reclaim for being destined to the agriculture. Although the breedings decrease continually, the number of ovini always stays elevated and it puts the region to the second place, only after Sardinia. Detail is the breeding of the buffalos, that the refined person allows production of mozzarella. Very important it is the fishing practiced in the Tyrrhenian Sea and Mediterranean. The motopeschereccis make port in the harbors in Civitavecchia, Gaeta and Fiumicino.

Industry - Tourism:

Church of S. Michele in the Basin Reatina
Church of S. Michele in the Basin Reatina

Lazio is not a Region very industrialized. Principal activities are those of the mechanics, to feed and of the tobacco developed in the presses of Rome. New industrial roads are being opened, between which the pharmaceutical industry, chemistry, graphics, cinema and of the clothes. Main point is the nuclear center in the press of Frascati. The tourism is one of the principal economic resources of Lazio; the alone city of Rome calls numerous tourists, Italians and foreigners back. Besides the famous artistic and cultural affairs, the City of   Vatican also recalls many religious. The bathing stations have also aspired and the archaeological places as Cerveteri and Tarquinia.

Position and Frontier:
The territory that understands Lazio is extended from the Appennineses and goes down to the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. This zone is included by the rivers Fiora to north and Garigliano to south. The Region confines to north with Tuscany, Umbria and a brief line of Brands; to east with Abruzzi, Molise and Campania, to south and to west, with Tyrrhenian Sea.

Rivers - lakes:
In the Tyrrhenian Sea flow Tevere and others small rivers, between which Marta that goes out of the Lake of Bolsena and Fiora. In the southern zone of the Region are found Sacco and Liri. Between the lakes, numerous in Lazio, we remember that of Bolsena in Volsinis Mountains; the Lake of Vico in the Cimini Mountains; the Lake of Bracciano, in the Sabatinis Mountains; the Lake of Albano and Nemi in the Necks Albani.

The coastal part has profited from the sea that mitigates the winters and refreshes the summers. In the departs  inside of the Region the winter is rigid and the summer is warm. In the coastal shore and in the lowlands the rains are scarce, while on the mountains they are very abundant especially in the winter and spring periods.

The density of population in the Lazio is the third of Italy, preceded only from Lombardy and from Campania. The inhabitants are distributed in very irregular way. Over half the population occupies the alone city of Rome and besides seen the influx of immigrates, the population has almost reached the three thousand. Contrarily the mountainous and hilly zones are a little populated. Other very big urban centers there are not in the territory of Lazio. Latin it grazes the 100 thousand inhabitants and the other chief towns are around 50 thousand, while the other centers are being under everybody 50 thousand. Generally in Lazio it is used to live all in assembled places. The only that live in isolated way are the farmers that live in the reclaimed zones.

From Rome all the roads and the principal railway lines depart. The run of the primary roads is traced from the ancient Roman roads: Flaminia arrives to Rimini, Cassia reaches Florence, Aurelia climbs up to Florence, Appia with Brindisi, Salaria connects Rome to Ascoli Piceno and Triburtina arrives up to Pescara. In Rome there are two airports: that of Ciampino and that of Fiumicino.

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